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Costa Rica Population

The population of Costa Rica in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 4,173,000, which placed it as number 118 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 6% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 32% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 103 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000–2005 is 1.93%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 5,030,000. The population density in 2002 was 77 per sq km (200 per sq mi).

The majority of people in Costa Rica are descended from Spanish settlers. In contrast to its neighbouring countries' populations, little mixing of the Spanish settlers and the indigenous populations occurred. Therefore, a vast majority of Costa Ricans are either of Spanish or to a lesser extent of mixed mestizo heritage. In addition, there are significant numbers of Costa Ricans of Italian, German, Jewish and Polish descent. Together, European and Mestizos descendants make up a full 94% of the population. Just under 3% of the population is of black African descent who are called Afro-Costa Ricans and are English-speaking descendants of nineteenth century black Jamaican immigrant workers. Another 1% is composed of ethnic Chinese.

As of today, the indigenous population numbers around 1.7%, or around 50,000 individuals. In Guanacaste Province, a significant portion of the population descends from a mix of local Amerindians, Africans and Spaniards. There is also an expatriate community of people of all ages from the United States, Canada, Germany, Netherlands, Britain, and other countries. There are also many Nicaraguan workers.

It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 48% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. According to the United Nations, the urban population growth rate for 2000–2005 was 2.6%.


4,133,884 (July 2007 est.)

Age structure
0-14 years: 27.8% (male 587,395/female 560,408)
15-64 years: 66.4% (male 1,388,114/female 1,357,157)
65 years and over: 5.8% (male 111,758/female 129,052) (2007 est.)

Median age
total: 26.8 years
male: 26.3 years
female: 27.2 years (2007 est.)

Population growth rate
1.412% (2007 est.)

Birth rate
18.02 births/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Death rate
4.39 deaths/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Net migration rate
0.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2007 est.)

Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.048 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.023 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.866 male(s)/female
total population: 1.02 male(s)/female (2007 est.)

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